Lost Wax Casting

Lost wax casting uses molten materials to manufacture fused module, and then coat the module surface with multilayer refractory material. Until dry and curing, the module will be heated and burned out pattern materials, through high temperature molten and poured into molten metal, the castings will obtain after cooling and solidification.
Lost wax casting (also called by its French name, cire perdue) is the process by which a metal sculpture is cast from an artist’s sculpture. Now this ferrous metal casting process known as investment casting is a foundry technique with a little cutting or no cutting. Intricate works can be achieved by this casting process, primarily depending on the skills of the carvers.

Application of Lost Wax Casting
1. This investment casting is used for the production of bronze handicrafts, aerospace, weapons and shipbuilding, petrochemical engineering, machinery manufacturing, household appliances and instrumentation. The materials include brass, aluminum and steel.
2. The lost wax casting is not only suitable for various alloyed casting, but also for producing the complex and high-temperature foundry goods.

Features of Investment Casting
1. The metal castings have high dimensional accuracy and fine surface roughness. The dimension is between CT4 and CT7, and the surface roughness is generally from Ra1.6 to 6.3um.
2. Lost wax casting provides near net shape to lower material usage.
3. The lost wax investment casting can reduce expensive machining operations and eliminate expensive weldments.
4. Lost wax casting has the advantages of greater design flexibility, weight reduction, low initial tooling costs and wide alloy selections to enhance part performance.

Investment Casting Process
The metal castings can be made of two ways. One is the direct method which uses wax model itself, and the other is the indirect method using a wax copy of a model. These are the steps for the indirect lost wax casting process:
1. Model-making. The mold-maker creates an original model from wax, clay or other materials.
2. Wax. After the mold is completed, molten wax is poured into it and swished around until an even coating, usually about 3mm thick, covers the inner surface of the mold.
3. Chasing. A heated metal tool is used to rub out the marks that show the parting line or flashing where the pieces of the mold came together.
4. Spruing. The wax copy is sprued with a treelike structure of wax which will provide paths for molten casting material to flow and air to escape.
5. Slurry. The wax copy is dipped into slurry of silica, then into sand-like stucco or dry crystalline silica of a controlled grain size.
6. Burnout. The ceramic shell-coated piece is placed cup-down in a kiln, whose heat hardens the silica coatings into a shell, and the wax melts and runs out.
7. Testing. The ceramic shell is allowed to cool, and then is tested to see if water will flow through the feeder and vent tubes as necessary.
8. Pouring. The shell is reheated in the kiln to harden the patches and remove all traces of moisture, and then placed cup-upwards into a tub filled with sand.
9. Metal-chasing. Just as the wax copies are chased, the casting is worked until the telltale signs of the casting process are removed, and the casting now looks like the original model.

Images Information

Material: HT-250
Technology: lost wax casting

Founded in 2010, YiNuo Casting Co., Ltd. is a joint-stock enterprise specializing in research, development, production and sale of investment casting process, forging process and precision machined products in China. As a professional manufacturer and supplier, we provide sand casting, lost wax casting, gravity casting, shell mold casting, low-pressure casting and centrifugal casting, forging process as well as precision machining products. The raw materials include copper, aluminum, zinc, gray iron, ductile iron, cast steel and high temperature alloys.

Related Products
  • Sand Casting Process
  • Sand Casting ProcessSand casting process is a traditional metal casting process characterized by using sand as the mold material. Sand casting products are produced in specialized factories called foundries. Over 70% of the metal casting products are manufactured by sand casting process....
  • Shell Casting Process
  • Shell Casting ProcessThe shell mold casting can use both ferrous and non-ferrous metals, most commonly using cast iron, carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel, aluminum alloys and copper alloys. The gear housings, cylinder heads, connecting rods and lever arms are required high accuracy....